THE MONTESSORI CURRICULUM – Linked to the EYFS
Personal, Social and Emotional development – Practical Life
An area where many varied life skills are introduced such as pouring drinks, laying a table, learning to do up zips and bows, caring for plants and developing good manners. All of these skills can be used in everyday situations and increase a child’s independence, self-esteem and confidence, helping them to become a self-reliant member of the community.
Communication and Language
Within the school the child has the opportunity to expand his/her language acquisition through songs, discussions, rhymes, stories, books and everyday communication skills as well as learning the sounds and shapes of the individual letters.
Children are able to develop and refine their physical skills through practical life activities which support hand eye coordination, concentration and a pincer grip. Children have free flow access to the outdoors which allow the children to develop greater control of their gross motor movements. Children play, learn and grow in our ever changing outdoor facilities which include large construction, bikes, sand and water, planting and growing, large mark making, group games and climbing activities.
The Montessori literacy materials are based on a carefully structured phonic approach where the children first learn sensorially by tracing sandpaper letters with their finger whilst being told the sound. Each week the children are introduced to a letter of the alphabet through the sound box. Children are invited bring an item from home, it may be a toy, photograph or even food item which incorporates the initial weekly letter, for example ‘o’ for ‘orange’. Children love to share their item with their friends and teachers; this gives children a strong phonetic understanding of the alphabet.
Through using a varied range of equipment and exercises, each child has the opportunity to gain knowledge and understanding of simple to complex mathematical concepts such as numbers, counting skills, simple sums, measurement, fractions etc. The materials are self-correcting so that a child can see at a glance if a mistake has been made and put it right without help. The five senses, tasting, touching, listening, seeing and smelling, are explored using specially designed Montessori equipment in the Sensorial area these will help a child sort, match and compare objects thereby testing their powers of observation and discrimination.
Understanding the World
Within this area the child is introduced to concepts of science, geography, biology and history, giving a greater understanding of the world. Globes puzzle maps, continent folders and tactile land forms all help to form a bridge between the child’s knowledge of the immediate environment and the wider world.
Expressive Arts and Design
Painting, gluing, cutting, collage, junk modelling etc. are always available for free choice work. In addition we offer a structured adult-led activity, linked to our topic, in every session. Mark-making materials are always available –chalkboards, whiteboards, notebooks, paper and writing and colouring tools encourage children in playwriting and the development of pencil hold and control.
The Montessori Curriculum is supplemented with cookery, dance, mini-gym, yoga, music, horticulture, field trips, and outdoor physical activities. All these activities link to the government statutory requirements.